For a quick revision of Punjab history read this Punjab history at a glance notes.
The 10 Gurus – Sikh History
Guru Nanak Dev Ji – 1469-1539 Father / Mother Name – Mehta Kalu / Mata Tripta Birth Place – Talwandi Rai Boi(Pakistan) also known as Nankana Sahib City Founder – Kartarpur Sons – Baba Sri Chand and Baba Lakhmi Chand Compilation – Jap JI Sahi, Sidh Gosh, Sodar, Asa di war, Patti Barahmaha, Arti Onkar, Malar & Madge Jyoti Jot Place – Kartarpur Wife – Sulakhani Ji
Guru Angad Dev Ji – 1504-1539-1552
Place of Birth – Mate ki Sarah Orignal Name- Bhai Lehna Father / Mother Name – Pheru Mal Ji / Daya Kaur Ji City Founded – Khadur Sahib Children – Dassu Ji, Dattu Ji, Bibi Amro Ji, and Alakhni Ji Wife – Khivi Ji Compilation – Janam Sakhi (Biography of Guru Nanak Dev Ji) Establish Mal Akhara – For Physical and Spiritual Excercise Introduce Gurmukhi Script
Guru Amardas Ji – 1479-1552-1574
Place of Birth – Basarke City Founded – Govindwal Sahib Introduced the Anand Karaj marriage ceremony for the Sikhs Start Manjhi System and Made a ‘Boali’ in Govindwal
Guru Ram Das Ji – 1534-1574-1581
Place of Birth – Chuna Mandi (Pakistan) Wife – Bhani Ji (daughter of Guru Amardas Ji) Founded City – Amritsar (Also known as Chak Ramdas, Guru Ka Chak, Ramdapura) Compilation – Lavan Note – Mian Mir to laid the foundation stone of the Harmandir Sahib
Father / Mother Name – Guru Ram Das/Bhani Ji Children – Hargobind Sahi Ji Compilation – Sukhmani Sahib, Adhi Granth, Barahmaha, Bavan Akhri Introduce ‘Masand System’(Representative of guru ji at different places) City Founded – Tarantaran, Kartarpur(India) Started Dasvandh (Langar Contribution/ 1/10 part of income) Guru ji became the first great martyr in Sikh history when Emperor Jahangir ordered his execution.
Guru Hargobind ji – 1595-1606-1644
City Founded – Kritpur Sahib (Ropar) Introduce the concept of ‘Miri’ And ‘Piri’ Miri – Temporal Power / Piri – Spiritual Power Constructed Akhal Takht and Lohagarh Fort at Amritsar First saint soldier in Sikh history
GuruHar Rai Ji – 1630-1644-1661(Grandson of Guru Hargobind)
Founded – Ayurvedic medicine center (Kirtpur Sahib) Guru Ji gave treatment to Dara Saikhon
Guru Har krishan Ji – 1656-1661-1664
Youngest Guru (age of five)
Guru Teg Bahadur – 1621-1665-1675
Father / Mother Name – Guru Hargobind ji/ Nanki Ji Wife – Gujri Children – Guru Gobind Singh Ji Place of Birth – Amritsar City Founded – Anandpur Sahib *Guru Ji was executed on the order of Aurangzeb at chandni chowk Dehli, Now Gurudwara Sheesh Ganj at this place *Guru Ji Body was taken be Lakhi Vanjara and cremated at place. Now become Gurudwara Rakab Ganj *Guru Ji Sheesh was taken away by Bhai Jaita, Who brought back Guru Ji head Anandppur Sahib
Guru Gobind Singh Ji – 1666-1675-1708
Place of Birth – Patna City Founded – Patna Sahib Jyoti Jot Place – 1708, Nanden Compilation – Jap Sahib, Akal Ustat, Chopai, War Shri Bhagoti, Vachitar Natak, Charitra, Chobis Avtar and Chadi di war (In punjabi)
Some Fact about Guru Gabind Singh Ji
Built Anandgarh Fort at Anandpur
Wrote “Zafarnamah” letter to Aurangzeb
Establish Khalasa Panth in 1699 at Anandpur Sahib
Jagannath Puri (Orrissa)
Five K – Kachera, Kara, Kirpan, Kanga and Kesh
Baba Banda Singh Bahadur
Original Name – Lachman Dev (From – Razori Jammu) Popular Name – Madho Singh Another Name- Banda Bairagi Guru Gobind Singh Gave Name – Banda Singh Bahadur Battle of Chhapar Chiri – Banda Bahadur Singh Ji Vs Wazir Khan * Defeated Wazir Khan Execution By – Farrukh Siyar *Banda Singh developed the village of Mukhlisgarh, and made it his capital, then renamed the city it to Lohgarh
Maharaja Ranjit Singh
Place of Birth – Gajranwala Town(Pakistan) Son of – Maha Singh / Mai Raj kaur(D/o Raja Gajapati-Jind ) Mother-in-law – Sada Kaur (Encourage Ranjit Singh) 1st King of Sikh Empire Title of Maharaja – 12 April 1801 Treaty of Amritsar – 1809 Treaty Sign B/w – Metcalfe & Ranjit Singh *Maharaja Ranjit Singh defeated Zaman Shah Durrani in the Battle of Amritsar (1797), Battle of Gujrat (1797) and Battle of Amritsar (1798)
Battles of Guru Gobind Singh Ji
Battle of Bhangani (1688)
Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhim Chand and other Hill Chief Victory – Guru Ji Result – Bhim Chand and other Rajput become friends of Guru Ji
Originated – Rawalpandi Founded by – Baba Dyal Singh. Successor – Darbar Singh
Another Name – Kuka Movement Founded by – Balak Singh Successor – Ram Singh
Started from – Agra Founded by – Shiv Dayal Singh (also called “Soami ji Maharaj”)
Singh Sabha Movement: (Against Christans Missionaries ) The first modern movement.
Struggle for Freedom
Kamagata Maru: (1914) Head – By Gurdit Singh (Sikh businessman of Singapore) Komagata was ship name to carry 376 Indians, all Punjabis to Canada. The Ship embarked from Hong Kong before arriving in Canada.
Ghadar is name of weekly news papaer (Pulish In Hindi, Punjabi, Marathi, Urdu) Chief Editor – Lala Hardiyal Leader of Ghardar Movement – Sohan Singh Bhakna, Lala Hardiyal, Kartar Singh Shraba Start in – San Francisco (America)
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre:- 13 April, 1919 Involved the killing of hundreds of unarmed Shooting was ordered by – General O Dyer
*Shaheed Udham Singh: Shaheed Udham Singh is known for his assassination of Sir Michael O’Dwyer in March 1940 what has been described as a revenge of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. *Ravinder Nath Tagor return Knighthood Title *Jalliwala Bagh Made be Ranjit Singh
Gurudwara Reform Movement: 1920-25 Gurudwara Reform Movement marked the struggle of the Sikhs to wrest control of their places of worship from the mahants (priests) into whose hands they had passed during the 18th century when the Sikhs were driven away from their homes to seek safety in remote hills and deserts.
Punjab After 1947
Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) was a state of India between 1948 and 1956 PEPSU was union of eight princely states:
Patiala, Jind, Nabha, Kapurthala, Faridkot, Kalsia, Malerkotla and Nalagarh PEPSU made in 15 july 1948 Raj Parmukh of PEPSU – Maharaja Yadvinder Singh First CM of PEPSU – Gian Singh Rarewala PEPSU Capital – Patiala PEPSU Vdhan Shaba Memeber – 60
Note – In 1 Nov 1956 PEPSU Merge in Punjab and New state created Himachal Pardesh
Formation of Present Punjab
Master Dara Singh Pointed Demand of Present Punjab
Punjab Boundary Commission 1966 (Reorganization of Punjab): An Act to provide for the reorganisation of the existing State of Punjab and for matters connected therewith Head of Commission – Fazal Ali
Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee
The inaugural meeting of the SGPC – Akal Takht Amritsar on 12 December 1920.
It appointed a subcommittee to draft the Committee`s constitution.
New elections under the constitution were held in July 1921
– Elected President – Baba Kharak Singh – Elected Vice-President – Captain Ram Singh – Elected Secretary – Sardar Bahadur. Mehtab Singh In 1922 – Sikh Gurdwaras and Shrines Act, 1922 Sikh Gurdwaras Act, 1925 passed by the provincial legislative assembly on 9 July 1925 and implemented with effect from 1 November 1925 Movement Related with SGPC – – Guru Ka Bagh Morcha (Ghukkevali village, District Amritsar) – Jaito Morcha – Shaheed Bhagat Singh ‘Khatkar Kalan’ in present SBS Nagar (Nawanshehr) – Shaheed Sukhdev – Shaheed Rajguru in Maharastra